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General Information About Diabetes

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious disease where your blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. Our bodies get glucose or sugar from the food we eat and use it for energy.

 

Main Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes:

  • In Type 1 diabetes the body does not make insulin.
  • Insulin helps the body use the glucose from food for energy.
  • People with type 1 need to take insulin every day.

 

Type 2 Diabetes:

  •  In type 2 diabetes the body does not make or use insulin well.
  • People with type 2 often need to take pills or insulin.
  • Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes.

 

Gestational Diabetes:

  • Getational diabetes may occur when a woman is pregnant.
  • Gestational diabetes raises a woman's risk of getting another type of diabetes, mostly type 2, for the rest of her life.
  • It raises her child's risk of being overweight and getting diabetes.

 

Pre-diabetes 

  • Pre-diabetes is a condition in which people have blood glucose (blood sugar) levels higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
  • People with pre-diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

 

Diabetes Complications

Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and amputations of the foot or leg.

 

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